About the ASES Houston Solar Tour

Q ) How much does it cost to attend?

A ) It’s FREE to attend the Solar Tour. We believe that this should be an educational experience for everyone. Make sure to attend the Green Energy Fair at Tranquility Park, downtown Houston and Thank our Sponsors and Volunteers for helping to make this happen.

Q ) Is there a certain order that we have to view the homes?

A ) No. Each tour site was hand selected so that we have homes/projects on every side of town. Visit them at your leisure in what ever order you wish.

About Solar Energy

Q: What is photovoltaics (solar electricity), or “PV”?

A:What do we mean by photovoltaics? The word itself helps to explain how photovoltaic (PV) or solar electric technologies work. First used in about 1890, the word has two parts: photo, a stem derived from the Greek phos, which means light, and volt, a measurement unit. So, photovoltaics could literally be translated as light-electricity. And that’s just what photovoltaic materials and devices do; they convert light energy to electricity.

Q: How does photovoltaic (PV) technology work?

A:  PV takes advantage of the impurity characteristics of silicon crystals. Silicon impurities create crystal with a slight tendency to lose electrons, and other impurities create crystal with a slight tendency to attract electrons. When the two kinds of silicon are placed close together and exposed to sunlight, photons (particles of light) knock electrons loose on the unattractive side.  An electrical current is created as electrons travel across the junction to the attractive side.  Sunlight is composed of particles of energy called photons. When sunlight strikes a PV material,photons will either pass through, be reflected, or be absorbed. If the photon is absorbed, its energy will be transferred to an electron in an atom of the PV material. With new energy, the electron is able to escape from its normal position in orbit around that atom. In this way, the electron can become part of, and augment, the current in an electrical circuit.

Q: What is a solar module?

A:  Solar modules, or panels, are series of solar cells wired together into strings and enclosed in self contained glass units for harsh weather protection. Solar cells are mounted into groups called modules that produce about 0.5 Volts of current to power lights and appliances. On the sun ward side, cells are protected by a highly transparent solar glass pane. The underside takes the form of an insulating film or a second pane of glass. A connection socket picks up the generated direct current. Modules are connected together via cables, which link them to the inverter.

Q:  Do solar cells store energy?

A:  No. Solar cells just convert sunlight into an electric current that must be used immediately or stored in batteries to be used later.

Q:  What is a solar array?

A:  A PV array is an interconnected system of PV modules that function as a single electricity producing unit. The modules are assembled as a discrete structure, with common support or mounting. In smaller systems, an array can consist of a single module. A complete set of components for converting sunlight into electricity includes a module, a support structure, wiring, an inverter, a meter and other equipment.

Q: What are the components of a photovoltaic (PV) system?

A:  A PV system is made up of different components. These include PV modules (groups of PV cells), which are commonly called PV panels, batteries and a charge regulator or controller for a stand-alone system, an inverter for a utility-grid-connected system and when alternating current (ac) rather than direct current (dc) is required; wiring; and mounting hardware or a framework.
Systems that are connected directly to your home (98% of all systems installed do not require batteries).

Q: What’s the difference between PV and other solar energy technologies?

A:  There are two main types of solar energy technologies:

  1. Photovoltaic (PV) systems, which convert sunlight directly to electricity by means of
    PV cells made of semiconductor materials.
  2. Solar water heating systems, which contain a solar collector that faces the sun and
    either heats water directly or heats a “working fluid” that, in turn, is used to heat water.

Q: Can I use photovoltaics (PV) to power my home or business?

A:  PV can be used to power your entire home or business electrical systems, including lights, cooling systems, and appliances. PV systems today can be blended easily into both traditional and nontraditional homes. The most common practice is to mount modules onto a south-facing roof or wall. For an additional aesthetic appeal, some modules resemble traditional roof shingles
or can be built right into glass skylights and walls. This building-integrated PV provides a dual use building material, reduces PV system costs by using the building as the mounting or support structure, and reduces utility bills with on-site power production.

Q: My Electric Bill Is Too High, Will Solar Lower It?

A:  This is a difficult question to answer. Due to the rising electrical rates the answer is not the same for everyone.  Yes. A solar system on your home will lower your electric bill. Unfortunately the initial layout of funds to purchase the system can be high. If you look at the cost per kilowatt hour for a solar system over its life it can be as low as $0.11 per kilowatt hour. If your goal is to save money over the life of the system and you are paying the power company more then $0.11 per kilowatt hour a solar system makes sense. If you are paying less then $0.11 per kilowatt hour solar may not be for you from a cost savings stand point. A kilowatt hour of Solar will cost more than a kilowatt hour of utility electricity.

Q: Why should I purchase a PV system?

A:  People decide to buy solar energy systems for a variety of reasons. For example, some individuals buy solar products to preserve the Earth’s finite fossil-fuel resources and to reduce air pollution. Others would rather spend their money on an energy-producing improvement to their property than send their money to a utility. Some people like the security of reducing the amount of electricity they buy from their utility, because it makes them less vulnerable to future increases in the price of electricity. If it’s designed correctly, a solar system might be able to provide power during a utility power outage, thereby adding power reliability to your home. Finally, some individuals live in areas where the cost of extending power lines to their home is more expensive than buying a solar energy system.

Q: What is net metering? Can I Sell Power Back To The Utility Grid?

A:  Net metering is a policy that allows homeowners to receive the full retail value for the electricity that their solar energy system produces. The term net metering refers to the method of accounting for the photovoltaic (PV) system’s electricity production. Net metering allows homeowners with PV systems to use any excess electricity they produce to offset their electric bill. As the homeowner’s PV system produces electricity, the kilowatts are first used for any electric appliances in the home. If the PV system produces more electricity than the homeowner needs, the extra kilowatts are fed into the utility grid.  The real question is can I sell power back to the utility company. Most states have net metering bills that basically say the utility company will have to buy the power back from you at the same rate you buy power from them. The states that don’t have net metering bills typically only pay
the wholesale cost of the power about 1-3 cents. Until uniform codes have been adopted by all utilities it is best that you first check with your utility. Each utility has different interconnection standards that have to be meet before they will allow you to sell power back to the utility grid.

Q: How Much Solar Do I Need For My 2500 Square Foot Home?

A:  The amount of solar you need to power your home is not dependent on the size of your home. The amount of solar depends on the amount of power you use in your home. Look at your monthly bill from the utility company. It will list the total amount of power (kWh) you used in the last billing cycle. Divide this by the number of days in your last billing cycle. This will tell you how much power you use each day (kWh).

Source: Alternative Power Solutions